Desinformação com o COVID-19 (em actualização)

Tech’s Shadow Workforce Sidelined, Leaving Social Media to the Machines: “There’s essential information about the virus that needs to get disseminated,” Eric Goldman, a law professor at Santa Clara University, told The Hill.“There’s also bogus information that’s causing extraordinary harm, and the machines are not going to be able to easily sort between those two,” he said.

No, drinking water won’t flush the virus out of your mouth. Here’s how to inoculate yourself against bad Covid-19 information.

news outlets struggling to compete with celebrities’ and politicians’ reach: Celebrities and politicians with large social media followings are proving to be key distributors of disinformation relating to coronavirus

Desinformação: como reconhecer e combater os mitos relativos à Covid-19

Perante o ataque em crescendo, o contra-ataque: How to Avoid Misinformation About COVID-19

Las noticias falsas son otro virus a combatir: Al final de esta crisis, habremos de preguntarnos: ¿Cuántos contagios se hubieran evitado si estas irresponsabilidades políticas no hubieran ocurrido? ¿Cuántos confiaron en los consejos insensatos del presidente, el gobernador o el cura? ¿O en la cadena de Whatsapp que les llegó?

Coronavirus misinformation makes neutrality a distant memory for tech companies: facing the prospect that hoaxes or misinformation could worsen a global pandemic, tech platforms are taking control of the information ecosystem like never before. It’s a shift that may finally dispose of the idea that Big Tech provides a “neutral platform” where the most-liked idea wins, even if it’s a conspiracy theory. (Musk, the CEO of Tesla and SpaceX, tweeted the false claim that children are “essentially immune” to the virus. Twitter did nothing. A Twitter spokesperson told CNN Business on Friday that it reviewed Musk’s tweet and determined it did not break its rules.)

#CoveringCOVID: 6 recommendations for combating disinformation (ex.: Signs You’re Following A Fake Twitter Account…)

How you can fact check claims about the new coronavirus: false or misleading information can come in many forms: from viral posts on social media, to comments made by public figures, to statements printed or broadcast by journalists.

Access the CoronaVirusFacts/DatosCoronaVirus Alliance Database

Disinformation on the coronavirus – short assessment of the information environment (EUvsDisinfo)

Coronavirus scams are on the rise. Here’s what you need to know – and how to protect yourself.

Confronting Viral Disinformation: Let’s start by making a few things clear: The novel coronavirus is not a bioweapon manufactured by the U.S. government. Drinking bleach will not cure COVID-19. Pharmaceutical companies didn’t manufacture the pandemic in order to cash in on eventual vaccine sales, nor did Bill Gates. The U.S. has not announced a national quarantine.

Misinformation Telephone: How people and platforms spread stories during a global health crisis. (The Coronavirus Is Stress-Testing Wikipedia’s Policies)

Who Benefits from Health Misinformation?

How Far-Right Media Is Weaponizing Coronavirus: So we study conservative bad actors, those known for putting out disinformation, and what’s been interesting in the midst of COVID-19 is that even they needed to take a moment to get their bearings. Typically bad actors on the right — conservative online media which rampantly spreads disinformation — are very quick to align, and get their messaging straight, which usually comes down to reaching for handy attacks, targeting women, etc. But in this moment, it took a while for them to turn their cannons in the same direction.

As Virus Spreads, China and Russia See Openings for Disinformation: The two powers amplify discredited conspiracy theories and sow division as they look to undermine the United States.

British broadcasters are being warnedthat they face sanctions from the media regulator if they give airtime to false health advice about coronavirus, after a Sussex radio station was given a severe warning for broadcasting baseless conspiracy theories that the pandemic is linked to the rollout of 5G phone networks.

Google is Paying Creators of Misleading Coronavirus Videos: YouTube ran ads on videos promoting sham remedies like herbs and smoothies. Advertisers included Facebook and the Trump campaign. [After being contacted by the Guardian, YouTube removed four of the videos in question for violating its policies against Covid-19 misinformation.]

“A Fake Pandemic”: Anti-Vaxxers Are Spreading Coronavirus Conspiracy Theories: Facebook is full of COVID-19 misinformation from groups that oppose mandatory vaccines.

Russian media ‘spreading Covid-19 disinformation’: An EU monitoring team collected 80 examples of disinformation from Russian sources in nearly two months up to 16 March. Coronavirus was claimed to be a biological weapon deployed by China, the US or the UK. Other conspiracy theories contended the outbreak was caused by migrants or was a pure hoax.

Coronavirus fraudsters add to the anxiety and misery: Disaster fraud has become so common that many U.S. federal agencies were quick to create websites to address coronavirus-related scams, complete with tips and sharable graphics for users to link to on social media.

EU auditors probe bloc’s disinformation fight amid COVID-19 concerns: “Any attempt to maliciously and intentionally undermine and manipulate public opinion can represent a serious threat to the Union itself,” a statement from Baudilio Tomé Muguruza, the ECA Member leading the audit, read. “EU citizens must know whether the EU Action Plan against disinformation is effective.”

Well-made disinformation is emotionally intelligent: There are three particular problem areas. Misleading health tips recommend that vitamin C, hot water or ginger can kill the virus. Or that you have to hold your breath for ten seconds and if you don’t cough, you don’t have the coronavirus. In the worst case, people might misjudge their health risk.

The second major danger is trivialisation. These are often not complete inventions, but videos of individual doctors, for example, who demonstratively talk about the coronavirus in a relaxed manner. They paint a picture of scare tactics. This is not necessarily disinformation, but rather it hides why governments take the virus so seriously: To prevent the collapse of the healthcare system due to too many concurrent diseases. The other arguments are simply faded out. This is not ‘fake news’. It is a one-sided presentation. Sometimes there are also really false details, such as what percentage of those infected show severe symptoms.

And then there is also politically motivated misinformation, for example, that an asylum seeker spat on fruit. There we see how freeloaders exploit the situation to return to old scapegoats. We see similar things with misinformation about Bill Gates and other billionaires, “the elite.” Such allegations also lead to the question of the extent to which anti-Semitic narratives play a role.

EduCheck Map: Database about critical thinking and media, data, and misinformation literacy

Media Ethics: This class familiarizes students with some of the ethical issues journalists face as they strive to be accurate, fair and clear.

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